At present, the industrialization model of industrial robots in China is close to that of the United States, that is, fewer robots are produced by themselves. Many enterprises are concentrating on the integration of robot system. The reason...
At present, the industrialization model of industrial robots in China is close to that of the United States, that is, fewer robots are produced by themselves. Many enterprises are concentrating on the integration of robot system. The reason is that the core technology of the key parts of industrial robots is mainly in the hands of several international giants, and the production cost of the robot itself is too high.
An introduction to the integration of robot systems
1. The model of robot industrialization
The industrial robot system integrator is in the downstream application end of the robot industry chain, and provides an application solution for the terminal customers. It is responsible for the two development of industrial robot application and the integration of the peripheral automation equipment, which is an important component of the automation application of industrial robots. Only the robot ontology can not complete any work, and it can only be used by the end users through system integration.
Compared with the robot ontology supplier, the robot system integration provider also has the product design ability, the process understanding of the terminal customer application requirements, the related project experience and so on, and provides the standardized and personalized complete equipment that can adapt to various different application fields.
From the perspective of industrial chain, the robot body (unit) is the foundation of the development of the robot industry, and the integration of the downstream system is the key to the commercialization and popularization of the robot. Due to the high technical barriers, the ontological products have a certain monopoly, bargaining power is relatively strong, and the gross profit is relatively high. However, the barriers to system integration are relatively low, the bargaining power with upstream and downstream is weak, and the gross profit level is not high, but the market scale is much larger than the market itself.
Industrial robot industrialization process, can be summarized into three different development models, namely, Japan model, European model and the United States model.
Japan mode: each performs its own duties and completes the turnkey project on the layering. That is, the main goal of robot manufacturers to develop new robots and mass production of high quality products is designed by its subsidiaries or engineering companies in the society to design and manufacture the complete set of robotic systems and complete the turnkey project.
European model: a package of key projects. That is, the production of robots and the design and manufacture of users' needs are all done by robot manufacturers themselves.
American model: the combination of purchasing and complete design. In the United States, the common industrial robots are not produced in the United States. When enterprises need them, robots are usually imported by engineering companies, and then design and manufacture supporting peripherals, and the completion of turnkey projects in China is similar to that of the United States. The robotic company is concentrated in the field of robot system integration.
At present, the domestic robot enterprises are mostly system integrators. According to the international experience, the development of the domestic robot industry is closer to the American model, that is, the system integration, the unit products purchase or the OEM to provide the customer with the key project.
Compared with the unit product supplier, the system integrator also has the product design ability, the project experience, and based on the profound understanding to the user industry, provides the standardized and personalized kit that can adapt to various different application fields.
The market base of Chinese robot is low and the market is big. The mode of Chinese robot industrialization is more feasible from the integration stage to the mature stage. Namely, the American model (integration) - the Japanese model (core technology) - the German model (division and cooperation).
2, the application direction of industrial robot integration industry
Robot ontology is the center of system integration and must be combined with industry application. System integration is the two development of robot ontology. The performance of robot ontology determines the level of system integration. The international brand is more clear about how to integrate to make full use of its functions to meet the needs of customers. So system integration is the core of the international brand, the market size is also according to the automobile, 3C electronics, metal processing, logistics and other technical requirements, high automation industry to technical requirements low, low degree of automation in the industry.
The downstream users of the robot can be divided into the automobile industry and the general industry according to the industry.
The automatization of the automobile industry is already relatively high. Most foreign vehicle manufacturers' production line standards and robot selection are globally unified. Homemade robots are difficult to get. At present, the domestic robot technology is not fully mature, and the domestic vehicle factory does not dare to use domestic robot to complete the automation of the important work position.
The vehicle factory and robot suppliers often have a stable relationship for ten or twenty years. For example, the popular use of KUKA and FANUC, BMW Benz and other German departments to use KUKA, the main is the FANUC, Fiat used KMA, white body and stamping line is mainly ABB, coating is mainly German Toure, TOYOTA Honda and other Japanese Japanese, Kawasaki and other Japanese brands, modern KIA only modern and so on.
For a large capital and technology-intensive industry like automobiles, stability is paramount, and the standards set will not change easily. In order to maintain consistency, the main parts factory will also give priority to the robot brand used by the vehicle factory.